Reiwa SuMo / 令和 相撲 / すもう

· 2 min read
Reiwa SuMo / 令和 相撲 / すもう

相撲(すもう)は、土俵の上で力士が組合って戦う形を取る日本古来の神事や祭りであり、同時に武芸でもあり武道でもあり(「弓取り式」の本来の意味から)、娯楽でもある。古くから祝儀(懸賞金という表現)を得るための興行として、大相撲が行われている。日本由来の武道・格闘技・スポーツとして国際的にも行われている。

Sumo (Japanese: 相撲, Hepburn: sumō, [sɯmoː], lit. “striking one another”) is a form of competitive full-contact wrestling where a rikishi (wrestler) attempts to force his opponent out of a circular ring (dohyō) or into touching the ground with any body part other than the soles of his feet (usually by throwing, shoving or pushing him down).

Sumo originated in Japan, the only country where it is practiced professionally, where it is considered the national sport. It is considered a gendai budō, which refers to modern Japanese martial arts, but the sport has a history spanning many centuries. Many ancient traditions have been preserved in sumo, and even today the sport includes many ritual elements, such as the use of salt purification, from Shinto.

Life as a wrestler is highly regimented, with rules regulated by the Japan Sumo Association. Most sumo wrestlers are required to live in communal sumo training stables, known in Japanese as heya, where all aspects of their daily lives—from meals to their manner of dress—are dictated by strict tradition.

From 2008 to 2016, a number of high-profile controversies and scandals rocked the sumo world, with an associated effect on its reputation and ticket sales. These have also affected the sport’s ability to attract recruits. Despite this setback, sumo’s popularity and general attendance has rebounded due to having multiple yokozuna (or grand champions) for the first time in a number of years and other high-profile wrestlers such as Endō and Ichinojō grabbing the public’s attention.

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